Validating of statements and facts
Invalidation, on the other hand, is to reject, debate, minimize, demean, judge or try to fix someone's emotions. When I first read through these invalidating statements, I cringed as I realized how many of the phrases I had used with my own loved ones — especially my wife, Erin.
Counselors use the expression “gaslighting” to describe efforts to gradually manipulate someone into doubting his or her own reality or to trick a person into believing he or she is insane. Sadly, I'm sure I've sent the message to Erin that not only were her feelings wrong, but there was something wrong with her.
The evidence consists of a set of webpages, textual excerpts from those pages and meta-information on the pages.
The text excerpts and the associated meta information allow the user to quickly get an overview over possible credible sources for the input statement: Instead of having to use search engines, browsing several webpages and looking for relevant pieces of information, the user can more efficiently review the presented information.
A 2015 study found evidence a "backfire effect" (correcting false information may make partisan individuals cling more strongly to their views): "Corrective information adapted from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) website significantly reduced belief in the myth that the flu vaccine can give you the flu as well as concerns about its safety. A 2015 experimental study found that fact-checking can encourage politicians to not spread misinformation.
For example, if I say Einstein said that space is curved as a fact to support my claim, the observable fact is the written record of what Einstein said, not a physical phenomenon that relates directly to my claim.
In contrast to typical search engines, it does not just search for textual occurences of parts of the statement, but tries to find web pages, which contain the statement phrased in natural language.
It presents the user with a confidence score for the input statement as well as a set of excerpts of relevant web pages, which allows the user to manually look at the evidence.
De Facto (Deep Fact Validation) is an algorithm for validating statements by finding confirming sources for it on the web.
It takes a statement (such as “Jamaica Inn was directed by Alfred Hitchcock”) as input and then tries to find evidence for the truth of that statement by searching for information in the web.